Using our patented technology for ‘Hygenic Earth Energy’, industries worldwide will convert hydrocarbon reservoirs into hydrogen mines and thermal generators, and simply leave the carbon and other pollutants in the ground.
All kinds of reservoirs will be converted – new and abandoned, light oil and heavy oil, gas and coal.
Hydrogen has long been recognized as the ultimate solution for energy sustainability. Hydrogen gives modern economies a universal medium for conversion, storage, and distribution of all kinds of energy, and provides a perfectly clean system for delivering energy services to cities. What is not widely recognized is how fast the transition to hydrogen is occurring.
As the University of Davis writes in 2014:
“… in the past few years, important factors have emerged that are re-accelerating the commercialization of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. The next two to three years will see concerted efforts to introduce hundreds of hydrogen stations capable of supporting tens of thousands of Fuel Cell Vehicles in selected regions worldwide, backed by several hundred million dollars in public investment and billions of dollars in private investment.”
In fact the pace of change is even higher than predicted by UC Davis. The technologies for transporting and converting hydrogen are fully developed, and their production and sales are growing exponentially. Leading regions worldwide, including California, Germany, Japan, are now fully committed to a hydrogen future. Germany will have enough pipelines and feeling stations in place by 2023 to service their entire fleet of vehicles, and Toyota is working with German manufacturers to ensure that the vehicles will be available. The speed of transition will catch almost all of us by surprise. For background, check out the links below.
The only real drag on adoption is the relatively high cost of hydrogen, and the scarcity of clean energy sources for producing hydrogen. Although hydrogen can be produced from renewable energy – wind and solar – at the right times and locations, the potential is limited.
At present, almost all hydrogen is generated from reforming natural gas. The costs of production are $2 to $3 USD per kg., not including the additional costs associated with the carbon emissions. Also the distributed nature of renewable energy limits the potential for hydrogen pipelines, and without pipelines market prices can be as high as $10 per kg.
Generating hydrogen directly from hydrocarbon reservoirs is a total solution. The reservoirs are distributed worldwide, with vast quantities of hydrogen available. Hygenic Earch Energy works well even in depleted and water-filled reservoirs. The simulations by U of Calgary predict that production costs will be less than $0.50 USD per kg, once systems are optimized. All the carbon gets left in the ground and the residual heat can produce almost free geo-thermal power for decades.
Pipelines and rights-of-way already connect most hydrocarbon reservoirs to consumers, and can be adapted to carry hydrogen. The potential for solar, wind and other renewable energies can be fully realized, by piggy-backing onto the foundational infrastructure created for Hygenic Earth Energy. For a full explanation of how the technology and how it will transform economies, please visit more of our web site. A good place to start is the short video on the new technology for Hygenic Earth Energy.
The existing hydrogen market is $165 Billion annually worldwide, and growing rapidly. About half is used for fertilizer production, and half for upgrading heavy oil and other fuels. Converting this existing market to Hygenic Earth Energy can immediately generate huge savings, and reward early investors. Servicing the existing market will quickly generate the infrastructure and know-how for penetrating the new markets, including fuel cells for transportation and power.
The most significant transformation will occur in regions that support fuel cell vehicles (FCVs)and innovations in the transportation sector. Germany, California and Japan have already committed to FCVs. So too have leading global transport industries. Toyota has committed to hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, leaving behind the heavy and hard to recycle batteries in favour of greater range and flexibility.
The German solution is to expand upon their two existing hydrogen pipelines, create vast amounts of hydrogen storage, and install 50 publicly accessible hydrogen fueling stations by the end of 2016. The Ministry of Energy estimates that 50 stations are enough to begin a wholesale transformation of the German fleet to hydrogen in five regions of the country. They are targeting 400 stations in Germany by 2023 and ultimately 1000 stations (for 90 million people).
In the same fashion that Germany’s Clean Energy Partnership may lead a transformation to a hydrogen-fueled transport in Europe, so too could Alberta demonstrate a ‘hydrogen highway’ for Canada. The Edmonton – Calgary strip could support an extension of the existing hydrogen pipeline from Refinery Row; twenty hydrogen fueling stations could service the majority of people in the province. Of course the primary source of Alberta’s hydrogen would be the massive bitumen reserves in the Athabasca region. The oil sands would move Alberta’s green economy from worst to first.
For many industry leaders and government agencies in locations like Alberta, HEE is a dream solution. It provides a new way to take advantage of hydrocarbon resources – reviving even the wet, abandoned oil reservoirs, the uneconomic oil sands, and the obsolete or stranded coal mines near urban regions. Existing businesses and utilities can simply re-purpose their assets and labour force, and adapt rather than shut down. Government revenues can be restored. The oil and gas majors can use their tremendous financial power to overcome any technical challenges during the early stages, and lead the green energy revolution. It is a dream scenario, and it is for this reason, above all, that HEE will likely receive substantial research and development support.
Globally the economic future for HEE is more difficult to predict. Many technologies are competing. Hydrogen vehicles are likely to coexist along side many other options, as was the case when the internal combustion engine was first introduced. The outcome may depend upon leadership, and innovation.
California’s strategy: The Hydrogen Transition, Next Steps Program
Germany’s Strategy: The National Innovation Program on Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology
Japan’s Strategy: Strategic Road Map for Hydrogen and Fuel
US Department of Energy Report on the exponential Growth of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Markets